By James W. Readman (auth.), Ioannis K. Konstantinou (eds.)
This quantity describes the state of the art advances concerning antifouling paint biocides and gives thorough review of analysis and knowledge on significant issues corresponding to prevalence and degrees, environmental destiny, analytical ideas and strategies for the tracking and regulate, environmental modeling, ecotoxicological results and threat overview putting emphasis at the wisdom obtained during the last 10 years. The illness of the aquatic surroundings via antifouling compounds has been a subject of accelerating significance over the past few years.
The significant periods of antifouling lively biocides are mentioned together with the old school organotin compounds, the fashionable natural booster biocides and the promising obviously happening antifoulant items. for this reason, the reader gets a balanced view of this constructing box. Chapters have been written through major specialists of their box who seriously surveyed the entire significant components of development. This quantity is a crucial source and will represent a great grounding within the box of antifouling paint biocides.
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Extra info for Antifouling Paint Biocides
5 µg/L) open seawater (28 ◦ C) in sunlight, San Diego, USA in the dark, San Diego, USA in sunlight, San Diego, USA in one location, no degradation over 15 days in the dark, Osaka, Japan in sunlight, USA Italy in the light, 14 C TBT (2 µg/L) in the dark, USA, marina open seawater at 5 ◦ C at 28 ◦ C at 22–28 ◦ C in the dark 0–39 days for ﬁrst 10 days after 11 to 40 days in sunlight in winter, in lab window Publication Refs. year 1989 1989 1986 1996 1986 1988 1988        1989 1990    1988 1996 1987 1996 1988 1998      1983 1992   Chemistry and Fate of Organotin Antifouling Biocides in the Environment 35 slow (t1/2 > 89 days) photolytic decomposition, by stepwise debutylations to inorganic tin .
3 Organotin Compounds and Their Properties Organotin Compounds . . . . . . Properties of Organotin Compounds . . Toxicities of Triorganotin Compounds . . 3 Degradation of Organotin Compounds . . . . . . . Organotin Compounds as Ideal Antifoulants . . . . . Degradation of Organotin Compounds by Hydrolysis, Ultraviolet Light and Microorganisms . . . Half-lives of Organotin Compounds in Seawater and Sediment . . 19 19 22 23 . .
TPT is a fungicide used on a variety of crops throughout the world. 8 µg g–1 dry weight (50%, 15 days), respectively. Besides TPT, diphenyltin (DPT) and monophenyltin (MPT) were present in the leaves and soil, with MPT generally the predominant compound. The proportion of MPT to TPT in pecan leaves increased with time after spraying, since MPT is indicative Scheme 2 Degradation of TPT by photoredox process taking place in iron(III) aquacomplexes  Chemistry and Fate of Organotin Antifouling Biocides in the Environment 31 of the photolytic degradation of TPT.
Antifouling Paint Biocides by James W. Readman (auth.), Ioannis K. Konstantinou (eds.)