Download PDF by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan: Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form

By Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

ISBN-10: 1118305884

ISBN-13: 9781118305881

ISBN-10: 1444330012

ISBN-13: 9781444330014

The Evolution of Plant shape is an outstanding new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s hugely profitable and good proven Annual Plant Reviews.

Written by way of acknowledged and revered researchers, this e-book gives you a entire consultant to the various diversity of medical views in land plant evolution, from morphological evolution to the reports of the mechanisms of evolutionary swap and the instruments with which they are often studied. This identify distinguishes itself from others in plant evolution via its synthesis of those rules, which then presents a framework for destiny stories and fascinating new advancements in this

The first bankruptcy explores the origins of the main morphological thoughts in land vegetation and the subsequent chapters supply an exhilarating, extensive research of the morphological evolution
of land plant teams together with bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. the second one 1/2 the booklet specializes in evolutionary reports in land vegetation together with genomics,
adaptation, improvement and phenotypic plasticity. the ultimate bankruptcy presents a precis and standpoint for destiny stories within the evolution of plant form.

The Evolution of Plant shape presents crucial details for plant scientists and evolutionary biologists. All libraries and study institutions, the place organic and agricultural sciences are
studied and taught, will locate this significant paintings an essential addition to their shelves.

Chapter 1 Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological techniques in Land crops (pages 1–50): James A. Doyle
Chapter 2 The Evolution of physique shape in Bryophytes (pages 51–89): Bernard Goffinet and William R. Buck
Chapter three The Morphology and improvement of Lycophytes (pages 91–114): Barbara A. Ambrose
Chapter four Evolutionary Morphology of Ferns (Monilophytes) (pages 115–140): Harald Schneider
Chapter five Gymnosperms (pages 141–161): Dennis Wm. Stevenson
Chapter 6 opting for Key positive factors within the beginning and Early Diversification of Angiosperms (pages 163–188): Paula J. Rudall
Chapter 7 Genomics, edition, and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 189–225): Kristen Shepard
Chapter eight Comparative Evolutionary Genomics of Land crops (pages 227–275): Amy Litt
Chapter nine improvement and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 277–320): Barbara A. Ambrose and Cristina Ferrandiz
Chapter 10 improvement within the Wild: Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 321–355): Kathleen Donohue
Chapter eleven The Evolution of Plant shape: A precis standpoint (pages 357–366): Michael Purugganan

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Extra resources for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form

Example text

Because the gametophytes are retained inside the spore wall (endospory), this represents another step in reduction of the gametophyte generation. The shift from homospory to heterospory was repeated in several other fossil and living groups of vascular plants, most notably seed plants, making it one of the most conspicuous iterative trends in plant evolution (Bateman & DiMichele 1994). Proposed adaptive causes for this trend range from primarily genetic, such as assuring outcrossing and genetic diversity or allowing sporophytic control over sex expression, to nutritional and ecological, as a means of parental investment in the next sporophyte generation, by provisioning the megaspore and thus the female gametophyte with nutrients (Chaloner & Sheerin 1981; Bateman & DiMichele 1994).

This shift would occur earlier if cycads are located below these fossils (Mathews et al. 2010). In addition, glossopterids and Caytonia had simple reticulate venation, with a network consisting of one vein order, suggesting that this may have been a first step toward the complex reticulate venation of angiosperms. If so, it must have been followed by elaboration of several vein orders, a change ascribed to a shift from marginal to diffuse meristematic activity (Doyle & Hickey 1976; Boyce & Knoll 2002; Boyce 2005; Doyle 2006).

2000; Graham & Olmstead 2000; Zanis et al. 2002; Jansen et al. 2007; Moore et al. 2007). The so-called ANITA lines, namely, the New Caledonian endemic Amborella, Nymphaeales (water lilies), and Austrobaileyales, form a grade at the base. The remaining groups, called mesangiosperms, form five major clades: Chloranthaceae (notable for their highly simplified flowers), the reduced aquatic genus Ceratophyllum, magnoliids, monocots, and eudicots (united by tricolpate pollen). Rootings on Ceratophyllum (based on rbcL: Chase et al.

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Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

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