By Kay Peggs (auth.)
Animals and Sociology demanding situations conventional assumptions concerning the nature of sociology. Sociology usually centres on people; although, different animals are in every single place in society.Kay Peggs explores the numerous contribution that sociology could make to our knowing of human kin with different animals.
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Extra info for Animals and Sociology
Sociology has a crucial role to play in the analysis of this distinction because, he argues, it can answer questions about the source of this duality and antithesis in humans (Durkheim, 2005, p. 38). This brings us back to Durkheim’s notion of the collective conscience. Although existing sui generis, the beliefs and values found in the collective conscience must make their way into individual consciousness to ensure the binding together and the survival of societies (Durkheim, 2005, p. 43). In consequence, humans have what Durkheim calls a simultaneous ‘double existence’: ‘one purely individual, which has its roots in our organism, the other social, which is nothing except an extension of society’ (2005, p.
79). Thus, they conclude, symbolic interaction is ‘a widely distributed ability throughout the animal kingdom enabling animals to survive more effectively in a large variety of environments’ (1997, pp. 79–80). Irvine augments her critique by taking to task sociologists who argue that other animals do not use language. She points to research that shows that animals have ‘referential communication’, for example birds and monkeys use alarm calls that signal danger from predators, and the recipients of the calls behave accordingly (Irvine, 2007, p.
The ﬁrst factor (economic exploitation/competition) points to the ways in which humans and other animals are used as economic resources for the beneﬁt of a minority of humans. Factor two centres on the unequal distribution of power in society and on the ways in which one group, powerful humans, can exert power and control over other humans and other animals. The third factor draws attention to how particular groups (certain groups of humans and all other animals) are devalued by powerful groups.
Animals and Sociology by Kay Peggs (auth.)