This variation is going past others that principally depart readers to their very own units in knowing this cryptic paintings, by way of offering an entree into the textual content that parallels the conventional chinese language manner of drawing close it: along Slingerland's beautiful rendering of the paintings are his translations of a range of vintage chinese language commentaries that make clear tough passages, supply old and cultural context, and invite the reader to give some thought to a number interpretations. the correct pupil version, this quantity additionally contains a basic advent, notes, a number of appendices -- together with a word list of technical phrases, references to trendy Western scholarship that time the way in which for additional research, and an annotated bibliography.
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Additional resources for Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries
As You Zuo explains, “During the Three Dynasties, ‘learning’ had solely to do with illuminating human relations. One able to master the four relationships (mentioned in this passage) can be said to have a deep understanding of human relations. In learning this as the Way, can anything be added to it? 8 The Master said, “If a gentleman is not serious, he will not inspire awe, and what he learns will be grasped only superficially. Let your actions be governed by dutifulness and trustworthiness, and do not accept as a friend one who is not your equal.
When a person is joyful he is relaxed in his mind and physically at ease, and therefore forgets about poverty; when he loves ritual, he is at peace wherever he goes and follows principles in a cheerful, good-natured fashion, being equally unconscious of wealth. Zigong was a businessman, probably starting out poor and then becoming rich, and therefore had to exert effort to remain self-possessed. This is why he asked this particular question. The Master’s answer was probably intended to acknowledge what Zigong had already achieved while at the same time encouraging him to continue striving after that which he had yet to attain.
As Jiang Xi comments: Duke Ai was presented with a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, and sagely worthies filled his state. If he had simply raised them up and employed them, he could have become the true King of Lu. Unfortunately, he cared only for sensual pleasures and left control of the administration to a flock of evil-doers. As a result, the hearts of the people were filled with resentment. Duke Ai was troubled by this state of affairs, and so asked this question of Confucius. ” Here Confucius is speaking to someone who wields real power in the state of Lu: Ji Kangzi, head of the most powerful of the infamous Three Families who were the de facto but illegitimate rulers of Lu.
Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries by Confucius