By Martin Stuart-Fox
This informative yet concise background of China and Southeast Asia is ideal for tourists, scholars, academics, and businesspeople. transportable and attractively designed, it comprises colour illustrations, maps, and a quick heritage of the quarter. Explored are family members among China and Southeast Asia throughout millennia; styles of international relations, advertisement networks, and migration; and the way those have assorted over the years. With a spotlight on sleek background, it is a interesting account of imperial ambition, inner cave in and revival, cultural and advertisement endeavors, and conflict and revolution. very important perception into the complex heritage of the fastest-growing quarter on the earth is offered.
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Extra resources for A Short History of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute, Trade and Influence (A Short History of Asia series)
As no ruler could know how far his karma might permit him to go in realising this ideal, the potential was always there. A more powerful ruler would have superior karma, but this was recognised only as a temporary phenomenon, for who knew what a ruler’s karma had in store, or that of his successor? This was a worldview that accounted for and reinforced hierarchies of power; and did so without discredit, for all such hierarchies were always open to change. The temporary nature of political power is even more evident in Buddhism than in Hinduism, for in Buddhism impermanence (anicca) is one of the three ‘signs of being’, along with the inevitability of suffering (dukkha) and the non-existence of a permanent self or soul (anatta).
In Southeast Asia new and powerful kingdoms arose. In Cambodia the Khmer kingdom of Angkor replaced Zhenla; in southern Sumatra the new power of Srivijaya extended its control over the Melaka and Sunda Straits and adjacent coasts; while in Java the Sailendras created a powerful inland kingdom. All provided examples of high culture (the temples of Angkor, the Borobudur in Java) that were different from, but hardly inferior to that of China. Tang policy with respect to official contact and trade with Southeast Asia was benign.
For almost three hundred years, until China was again unified under the Sui dynasty in 589 CE, non-Chinese dynasties ruled north China. Though these dynasties did much to promote Buddhism, tens of thousands of Chinese families fled south to the Yangze region and beyond to escape their reach. This permanently shifted the balance of population and reinforced the Chinese character of the coastal provinces south to Guangdong. Southern dynasties centred on Nanjing tried unsuccessfully to recapture lost territory in the north, often to the neglect of still only lightly sinicised regions west of Canton.
A Short History of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute, Trade and Influence (A Short History of Asia series) by Martin Stuart-Fox