Read e-book online A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition) PDF

By Paul E. Ceruzzi

ISBN-10: 0262532034

ISBN-13: 9780262532037

This attractive heritage covers smooth computing from the improvement of the 1st digital electronic laptop in the course of the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Forties from a really good medical software to a advertisement product; the emergence of small platforms within the overdue Sixties; the start of private computing within the Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this version, the interval 1995-2001. the hot fabric specializes in the Microsoft antitrust go well with, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the appearance of open resource software program, fairly Linux. in the chronological narrative, the publication lines a number of overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impact of financial tendencies and the chilly warfare; the long term function of IBM as a participant and as a objective for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to a massive personality within the tale of computing; and the routine factor of where of data and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing consistent with se instead of on functions akin to synthetic intelligence, and on platforms that have been offered commercially and put in in amounts.

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Extra info for A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition)

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Consolidated Engineering of Pasadena, California, was absorbed by Burroughs in 1956. The principal legacy of the drum computers may have been their role as the vehicle by which many of the business machine companies entered the computer business. 2 lists several other magnetic drum computers announced or available by mid-1952. 2 Commercially available small computers, ca. ) CE 30-201 10 dec. 4000 118 Circle 40 bits 1024 20 Elecom 100 30 bits 512 20 MINIAC 10 dec. 4096 73 MONROBOT 20 dec. S. Navy, Navy Mathematical Computing Advisory Panel, Symposium on Commercially Available General-Purpose Electronic Digital Computers of Moderate Price (Washington, DC, 14 May 1952).

This installation, in 1954, has become famous as the first of a stored-program electronic computer for a nongovernment customer (although the LEO, built for the J. Lyons Catering Company in London, predated it by three years). Under the direction of Roddy F. 63 These were prosaic operations, but GE also hoped that the computer would be more than just a replacement for the punched-card equipment in use at the time. For General Electric, and by implication for American industries, the UNIVAC was the first step into an age of ‘‘automation,’’ a change as revolutionary for business as Frederick W.

43 Still, the climate that surrounded the small group of engineers at the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation was anything but favorable. Many experts were skeptical. Wallace Eckert still felt that modifications to punched card machines, not a radically new and expensive design, would better serve computing’s needs. ’’44 Eckert and Mauchly knew otherwise. The UNIVAC’s logical structure meant that it could do those things and more. That knowledge drove them and their company through the late 1940s to enter the commercial area, with what eventually became the UNIVAC.

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A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition) by Paul E. Ceruzzi

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